CAM education in Denmark
Danish CAM education is run outside the public education system, which means that students pay for their educations themselves and have no access to the normal state-funded grants. CAM practitioners are not authorized by the public health authorities, but in 2004, a parliamentary act, the RAB-law, was passed and set out the of minimum standards CAM practitioners are required to meet in order be permitted to register as a CAM-practitioners (Registreret Alternativ Behandler / RAB-registered practitioner).
The RAB-register is administered by the Patient Safety Authority. The minimum standard are published (in Danish) on http://stps.dk/da/sundhedsprofessionelle-og-myndigheder/autorisation/registreringsordning-for-alternative-behandlere/krav-til-foreninger
The professional CAM-associations, who are accredited by the Patient Safety Authority to register alternative practitioners, set the educational standards for their members (the above mentioned RAB-standards are the minimum). But the associations often set a number of teaching hours that, on aggregate, is much higher than the RAB-law dictates.
There are several educational institutions for some therapies while others have only one, which means that there is great variation in the provision of courses on offer. Some educations include online learning, which is permissible on certain conditions, as you will be able to read under "Legislation".
OVERVIEW OF DANISH CAM EDUCATIONS
Denmark has two big professional organisations in this field: Praktiserende Akupunktører and Danske Akupunktører. They have worked together to increase the educational standards for acupuncturists in Denmark. This development is set to continue until 2020.
There are 10 schools, most of which collaborate with Praktiserende Akupunktører and Danske Akupunktører. During their acupuncture training, students will also learn anatomy, physiology and pathology:
- København og Aarhus Akupunkturskole
- Lasota Terapi Akademi
- Medical Acupuncture Denmark
- Nordisk Akupunktur Uddannelse
- Nordisk Institut for Klassisk Akupunktur
- Viborg Helsepraktik
- Zonecollege ZCD Køge/Holbæk
- Zonecollege ZCD Odense
The following college collaborates with Dansk Akupunktur Union: akupunkturuniversitetet.dk/
Biopathy / Naturopathy
RAB-registered members all trained at the Institute for Biological Medicine, or graduated from naturopathic colleges in the USA. Since the naturopathic title isn't protected, individual assessments are made to determine whether new members can join on the basis of their educational background. Educational standards for naturopaths may therefore vary among members.
The Danish Health Authority requires the healthcare training to be of a minimum of 660 lessons on aggregate. The Institute of Biological Medicine has chosen to set the level at 698 lessons, 310 of which are on primary subjects (the requirement is 250). The training also involves online learning.
Institut for Biologisk Medicin: https://www.biologisk-medicin.dk/
Education length: 1000 hours
Educational institution: Kursuscenter Kilden ApS, www.kilden.dk
During the foundation course in healing massage, students learn basic healing massage and gain knowledge and experience of the relationship between mind and body. On this basis, students are permitted to enter the continuation courses, where a range of deep healing techniques is incorporated into the healing massage. Students must continue with the courses that fulfil the required standards in order to become RAB-registered Alternative Practitioners in Healing Massage and Conversation Therapy.
- Idrætsklinikkens Kursuscenter, principal Søren Pedersen
- Jysk Fysiologisk Massage Institut, principal Piann Kolling
- Tengbjerg Massørskole, principal Jeppe Tengbjerg
- Skolen for kropsbehandling, principal Robie M.A. Valenzuela
- Massørskolen Fyn, principal Anders Lundgård
- Dansk Akademi for Kropsterapi, principal Jannie Arvad
- Horsens SundhedsAkademi, principal Gina Lundsgaard Vinther
- Mørkeberg Muskel Terapi, principal Henning Mørkeberg
There is of course variation in the training offered by the different schools, but they all fulfil the RAB-law requirements. Usually, the training is divided into foundation modules in massage, as well several supplementing modules that need to be taken to reach the full curriculum needed for RAB-registration.
The professional associations can be found at
Heilpraktiker (healing practitioner)
Many students have additional health-educations, such as nurse, physiotherapist, occupational therapist, reflexologist, chiropodist, social and healthcare assistant.
”Heilpraktikerskolen i Danmark” Vestergade 38, 8600 Silkeborg
Lille Hammershus: antroposofiske heilpraktikere Hammershusvej 80, 4370 St. Merløse
Nutritional therapists go through a 3-year part time nutritional training. The mind-body relationship is an integrated part. The nutritional therapist needs to be able to relate to the individual's diet, be able to assess its suitability and adequacy, and also incorporate much more complex factors: What happens to the food after it has been eaten, how able is the digestion to break down and absorb nutrients, what are the biochemical conditions for further utilization of nutrients from food and other sources.
In order to be included on the nutritional therapists register, members must also fulfil the association's requirements of a minimum of 18 hours of continual professional development (CPD) per year, and be in clinical practice.
CPD can be undertaken by following Danske Ernærings Terapeuters own CPD-courses or courses of a similar or higher standard, such as the yearly International Symposium on Functional Medicine in the US.
Professional association: Danske Ernæringsterapeuter http://detforening.dk/
Educational institution: http://cetcenter.dk/
Kinesiologists are trained either by independent instructors or schools, ending up with the title RAB/SA and DK-Kinesiologist® after following a flexible training model that contains a mixure of compulsory courses and extra-curricular which can be taken according to individual interest. All training is completed with taking written and oral exams and writing a thesis. Regardless of which training has been completed, the title DK-Kinesiolog® is granted, and can be used by members of Danske Kinesiologer.
All training is focused on high ethical and moral standards, a wide range of professional skills, and personal development as cardinal points. There are several different directions and many different levels in the training. The foundation course in body-balancing / Touch for Health is for everyone.
Body-balancing makes it possible to perform basic muscle testing, which can be of great day-to-day benefit. For example, it can be used on family and friends to relieve pain and stress.
There are several training institutions:
- Kinesiologi Akademiet. In Brøndby, Ringe and Århus.
- Kinesiologiskolen i Vejle.
- Dansk Pædagogisk Kinesiologiskole, Gentofte.
- KI-Center, Galten.
- Kinesiologiskolen Kollund, Kruså.
- Naturgården, Nibe.
- Polaris Centret, Kirke Hyllinge
- Kinesis Center Rødegaard, Skårup, Fyn
The training in classical homeopathy consists of a one-year foundation course and a three-year diploma course. The foundation course gives a thorough introduction to the homeopathic therapeutic method and system.
Students learn about the primary homeopathic remedies, by academic study as well as by practical work with case studies from the real world. There is a range of main subjects, including the basic principles of homeopathy, the materia medica of homeopathic remedies, as well as the theory and practice of homeopathy.
The education takes place at Homøopati Instituttet (www.homeopati-instituttet.dk)
Please contact The Danish Society for Classical Homeopathy (Dansk Selskab for Klassisk Homøopati) for further information.
The training in cranio-sacral therapy, includes anatomy, physiology and pathology, and concludes with an exam. Students who are authorized chiropractors, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, clinical dietitians, nurses, social and healthcare assistant, and midwives, and wish to become RAB-registered cranio-sacral therapists, must obtain the same minimum hours as the primary training , and must include CPD.
- Institut for KST og Kropsterapi, Them
- Institut for Biodynamisk KranioSakral Terapi, Them
- Dansk Akademi for Kropsterapi, Åbyhøj
- Jette Harder, Sandved.
- GertVinnie.dk, Kolding
- Dig i Centrum, Roskilde
- Fulcruminstitute, København
- Senthes, København
- Bedre Funktion bedre Liv, københavn
- Institut for Manuel BehandlingVejle
Links and addresses can be found here: http://www.kraniosakralogkropsterapeuter.dk/brancheforening
It is possible, for example, to complete the four-year psychotherapy training on a part time basis, leaving space for full-time job and family. The clinical strategy for NLP-psychotherapy builds on the principles that affect and support the human being, with the aim of enabling the client to assess and reassess their inner and outer world.
Psychotherapy is the profession that is unfurled when someone who needs support and care for a period of time, meets a professional interlocutor.
During the training, professional and personal competences are developed, which can be utilized professionally as well as in private life. The NLP-training is offered at several educational institutions:
- Nordisk NLP Akademi
- Dansk NLP Institut
- Leadership by Heart
- NLP Uddannelse I Danmark – Reflection APS
Contact: Dansk NLP Psykoterapeut Forening
The training varies at the different schools, but it always meets RAB-standards. Students learn, for example, about the position of the meridians, about seeing disease and imbalance from an Eastern holistic perspective: body, mind and spirit, and about how the language of muscles reflects physique, psyche and personality.
Prior knowledge of anatomy and physiology is not a requirement before starting the education. The curriculum is similar to nursing training, and it includes cytology, histology, the nervous system, the cardiovascular system, myology, the function of the inner organs, and much more.
The training consists of a minimum of 660 hours, comprising
- 300 hours anatomy, physiology and pathology
- 250 hours reflexology
- 50 hours psychology
- 50 hours other alternative therapies
- 10 hours clinical practice management
There are around 15 reflexology schools. They can be found by following these links to the reflexology associations' websites: