Herbal and Dietary Supplements

This page will not be updated after the 23rd of november 2012 due to the closure of ViFAB.

Here you can read about the effect of Herbal and Dietary supplements.

This text is based on Cochrane reviews, which are recognized scientific articles.

What is a Cochrane Review?

Authors: Department of Clinical Epidemiology at Aarhus University Hospital and ViFAB.

Positive effect

Possible positive effect

The following treatments show a tendency towards a possible positive effect. However, the evidence is insufficient and cannot form the basis of general recommendations:

Asthma and allergies

None of the Cochrane reviews on herbal and dietary supplements report a possible positive effect on the treatment of bone fracture and osteoporosis.

Prebiotics in infants for prevention of allergy

Bone fractures and osteoporosis

None of the Cochrane reviews on herbal and dietary supplements report a possible positive effect on the treatment of bone fracture and osteoporosis.

Cancer

Chinese medical herbs for chemotherapy side effects in colorectal cancer patients

Herbal medicines for advanced colorectal cancer

Diabetes

Chinese herbal medicines for hypertriglyceridaemia (se afsnit om bivirkninger)

Chinese herbal medicines for people with impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting blood glucose

Chinese herbal medicines for type 2 diabetes mellitus

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) for type 2 diabetes mellitus

Eczema and skin problems

Chinese herbal medicine for atopic eczema

Eye diseases

None of the Cochrane reviews on herbal and dietary supplements report a possible positive effect on the treatment of eye diseases.

Gynecological condition excl. pregnancy and birth

Acupuncture for menopausal hot flushes

Acupuncture for primary dysmenorrhoea

Acupuncture for uterine fibroids

Antioxidants for female subfertility

Chinese herbal medicine for endometriosis

Chinese herbal medicine for premenstrual syndrome

Chinese herbal medicine for primary dysmenorrhoea

Endometriosis: an overview of Cochrane Reviews

Herbal and dietary therapies for primary and secondary dysmenorrhoea

Herbal preparations for uterine fibroids

Intermittent iron supplementation for reducing anaemia and its associated impairments in menstruating women

Non-surgical interventions for the management of chronic pelvic pain

Spinal manipulation for dysmenorrhoea

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for primary dysmenorrhoea

Heart and circulatory diseases

Artichoke leaf extract for treating hypercholesterolaemia

Chinese herbal medicine suxiao jiuxin wan for angina pectoris

Chinese herbal medicines for hypertriglyceridaemia (se afsnit om bivirkninger)

Green and black tea for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (se afsnit om bivirkninger)

Hawthorn extract for treating chronic heart failure

Horse chestnut seed extract for chronic venous insufficiency

Shengmai (a traditional Chinese herbal medicine) for heart failure

Tongxinluo (Tong xin luo or Tong-xin-luo) capsule for unstable angina pectoris

Xiongshao for restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with coronary heart disease

Infectious diseases

Chinese medicinal herbs for acute pancreatitis

Chinese medicinal herbs for chronic hepatitis B

Echinacea for preventing and treating the common cold

Pelargonium sidoides extract for acute respiratory tract infections

Probiotics for preventing acute upper respiratory tract infections

Xylitol for preventing acute otitis media in children up to 12 years of age

Liver diseases

Chinese medicinal herbs for chronic hepatitis B

Lung diseases

None of the Cochrane reviews on herbal and dietary supplements report a possible positive effect on the treatment of lung diseases.

Mental disorders

Chinese herbal medicine for schizophrenia

Kava extract versus placebo for treating anxiety

Omega-3 fatty acids for bipolar disorder

St John's wort for major depression

Neurological disorders

Coenzyme Q10 for Parkinson's disease

Huperzine A for Alzheimer's disease

Newborns and children

Prebiotics in infants for prevention of allergy

Probiotics for the prevention of pediatric antibiotic-associated diarrhea

Xylitol for preventing acute otitis media in children up to 12 years of age

Nutritional problems and overweight

Chitosan for overweight or obesity

Pain in head, neck or back

Acupuncture and dry-needling for low back pain

Acupuncture for migraine prophylaxis

Acupuncture for neck disorders

Acupuncture for tension-type headache

Chinese herbal medicine for chronic neck pain due to cervical degenerative disc disease

Conservative treatments for whiplash

Electrotherapy for neck pain

Feverfew for preventing migraine

Herbal medicine for low back pain

Manipulation or mobilisation for neck pain

Massage for low-back pain

Massage for mechanical neck disorders

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) versus placebo for chronic low-back pain

Pain - other

Acupuncture for lateral elbow pain

Acupuncture for pain in endometriosis

Acupuncture for shoulder pain

Acupuncture for treating fibromyalgia

Aromatherapy for treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting

Cold-water immersion (cryotherapy) for preventing and treating muscle soreness after exercise

Interventions for the treatment of burning mouth syndrome

Music for pain relief

Non-surgical interventions for the management of chronic pelvic pain

Non-surgical treatment (other than steroid injection) for carpal tunnel syndrome

Padma 28 for intermittent claudication

Pain control in first trimester surgical abortion

Psychological interventions for needle-related procedural pain and distress in children and adolescents

Stimulation of the wrist acupuncture point P6 for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting

Topical capsaicin (low concentration) for chronic neuropathic pain in adults

Topical capsaicin for chronic neuropathic pain in adults

Touch therapies for pain relief in adults

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for chronic pain

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for acute pain

Vitamin B for treating peripheral neuropathy

Vitamin D for the treatment of chronic painful conditions in adults

Pregnancy and birth

Acupuncture and assisted reproductive technology (før: Acupuncture and assisted conception)

Acupuncture for induction of labour

Acupuncture or acupressure for pain management in labour

Antenatal perineal massage for reducing perineal trauma

Antioxidants for female subfertility

Antioxidants for male subfertility

Antioxidants for preventing pre-eclampsia

Aromatherapy for pain management in labour

Breast stimulation for cervical ripening and induction of labour

Calcium supplementation (other than for preventing or treating hypertension) for improving pregnancy and infant outcomes

Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing hypertensive disorders and related problems

Cephalic version by moxibustion for breech presentation

Chinese herbal medicine for subfertile women with polycystic ovarian syndrome

Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of pre-eclampsia

Chinese herbal medicine in the treatment of ectopic pregnancy

Chinese herbal medicines for threatened miscarriage

Complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour

Daily oral iron supplementation during pregnancy

Different methods for the induction of labour in outpatient settings

Effects and safety of periconceptional folate supplementation for preventing birth defects

Folic acid supplementation during pregnancy for maternal health and pregnancy outcomes

Garlic for preventing pre-eclampsia and its complications

Homoeopathy for induction of labour

Hypnosis for pain management during labour and childbirth

Intermittent oral iron supplementation during pregnancy

Interventions for leg cramps in pregnancy

Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy

Interventions for preventing and treating pelvic and back pain in pregnancy

Interventions for preventing nausea and vomiting in women undergoing regional anaesthesia for caesarean section

Interventions for treating constipation in pregnancy

Interventions for varicose veins and leg oedema in pregnancy

Magnesium supplementation in pregnancy

Marine oil, and other prostaglandin precursor, supplementation for pregnancy uncomplicated by pre-eclampsia or intrauterine growth restriction

Massage, reflexology and other manual methods for pain management in labour

Micronutrient supplementation in pregnant women with HIV infection

Mind-body interventions during pregnancy for preventing or treating women's anxiety

Multiple-micronutrient supplementation for women during pregnancy

Music during caesarean section under regional anaesthesia for improving maternal and infant outcomes

Pain control in first trimester surgical abortion

Pain management for women in labour: an overview of systematic reviews

Perineal techniques during the second stage of labour for reducing perineal trauma

Probiotics for preventing gestational diabetes

Probiotics for preventing preterm labour

Prophylactic interventions after delivery of placenta for reducing bleeding during the postnatal period

Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) supplementation in pregnancy

Relaxation techniques for pain management in labour

Topical preparations for preventing stretch marks in pregnancy

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for pain relief in labour

Transcutaneous electrostimulation for suspected placental insufficiency (diagnosed by Doppler studies)

Treatments for breast engorgement during lactation

Treatments for iron-deficiency anaemia in pregnancy

Uterine massage for preventing postpartum haemorrhage

Vibroacoustic stimulation for fetal assessment in labour in the presence of a nonreassuring fetal heart rate trace

Vitamin A supplementation during pregnancy for maternal and newborn outcomes

Vitamin A supplementation for postpartum women

Vitamin C supplementation in pregnancy

Vitamin D supplementation for women during pregnancy

Vitamin E supplementation in pregnancy

Vitamin supplementation for preventing miscarriage

Zinc supplementation for improving pregnancy and infant outcome

Prostate, renal and urinary tracts conditions

Beta-sitosterols for benign prostatic hyperplasia

Chinese herbal medicine Huangqi type formulations for nephrotic syndrome

Pygeum africanum for benign prostatic hyperplasia

Rheumatic diseases

Herbal therapy for treating rheumatoid arthritis

Oral herbal therapies for treating osteoarthritis

Sclerosis

None of the Cochrane reviews on herbal and dietary supplements report a possible positive effect on the treatment of sclerosis.

Smoking cessation and drug rehabilitation

None of the Cochrane reviews on herbal and dietary supplements report a possible positive effect on the treatment of smoking cessation and drug rehabilitation.

Other conditions

Artemisinin-based combination therapy for treating uncomplicated Plasmodium vivax malaria

Chinese herbal medicines for hypercholesterolemia

Chinese herbal medicines for hyperthyroidism

Intermittent iron supplementation for reducing anaemia and its associated impairments in menstruating women

Padma 28 for intermittent claudication

Phytomedicines (medicines derived from plants) for sickle cell disease

Probiotics for preventing acute upper respiratory tract infections

No effect

Sources

Acanthopanax for acute ischaemic stroke

Aloe vera for prevention and treatment of infusion phlebitis

Aloe vera for prevention and treatment of infusion phlebitis

Aloe vera for treating acute and chronic wounds

Antioxidant supplements for liver diseases

Artemisinin-based combination therapy for treating uncomplicated Plasmodium vivax malaria

Artichoke leaf extract for treating hypercholesterolaemia

Ayurvedic medicine for schizophrenia

Beta-sitosterols for benign prostatic hyperplasia

Black cohosh (Cimicifuga spp.) for menopausal symptoms

Blood pressure lowering efficacy of coenzyme Q10 for primary hypertension

Capsaicin for allergic rhinitis in adults

Carnitine for fatigue in multiple sclerosis

Chinese herbal medicine for atopic eczema

Chinese herbal medicine for chronic neck pain due to cervical degenerative disc disease

Chinese herbal medicine for diabetic peripheral neuropathy

Chinese herbal medicine for endometriosis

Chinese herbal medicine for premenstrual syndrome

Chinese herbal medicine for primary dysmenorrhoea

Chinese herbal medicine for schizophrenia

Chinese herbal medicine for subfertile women with polycystic ovarian syndrome

Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of pre-eclampsia

Chinese herbal medicine Huangqi type formulations for nephrotic syndrome

Chinese herbal medicine in the treatment of ectopic pregnancy

Chinese herbal medicine suxiao jiuxin wan for angina pectoris

Chinese herbal medicines for benign thyroid nodules in adults

Chinese herbal medicines for hypercholesterolemia

Chinese herbal medicines for hyperthyroidism

Chinese herbal medicines for hypertriglyceridaemia (se afsnit om bivirkninger)

Chinese herbal medicines for hypertriglyceridaemia

Chinese herbal medicines for people with impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting blood glucose

Chinese herbal medicines for threatened miscarriage

Chinese herbal medicines for treating osteoporosis

Chinese herbal medicines for type 2 diabetes mellitus

Chinese herbs combined with Western medicine for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)

Chinese medical herbs for chemotherapy side effects in colorectal cancer patients

Chinese medicinal herbs for acute bronchitis

Chinese medicinal herbs for acute pancreatitis

Chinese medicinal herbs for asymptomatic carriers of hepatitis B virus infection

Chinese medicinal herbs for cholelithiasis

Chinese medicinal herbs for chronic hepatitis B

Chinese medicinal herbs for influenza

Chinese medicinal herbs for the common cold

Chinese medicinal herbs to treat the side-effects of chemotherapy in breast cancer patients

Chitosan for overweight or obesity

Chromium picolinate supplementation for overweight or obese adults

Chuanxiong preparations for preventing stroke

Chuanxiong-type preparations for acute ischemic stroke

Cinnamon for diabetes mellitus

Coenzyme Q10 for heart failure

Coenzyme Q10 for heart failure

Coenzyme Q10 for Parkinson's disease

Complementary and miscellaneous interventions for nocturnal enuresis in children

Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infections

Creatine for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease

Creatine for Parkinson's disease

Curcumin for maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis

Daily oral iron supplementation during pregnancy

Dan Shen agents for acute ischaemic stroke

Danshen (Chinese medicinal herb) preparations for acute myocardial infarction

Dengzhanhua preparations for acute cerebral infarction

Dietary interventions for multiple sclerosis

Dietary interventions for preventing complications in idiopathic hypercalciuria

Dietary interventions for recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in childhood

Dietary marine fatty acids (fish oil) for asthma in adults and children

Dietary supplements for established atopic eczema

Dietary supplements for preventing postnatal depression

Drug treatment for facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy

Echinacea for preventing and treating the common cold

Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, an omega-3 fatty acid from fish oils) for the treatment of cancer cachexia

Endometriosis: an overview of Cochrane Reviews

Fermented milk for hypertension

Feverfew for preventing migraine

Fish oil for induction of remission in ulcerative colitis

Fish oil for kidney transplant recipients

Flavonoids for treating venous leg ulcers

Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi mushroom) for cancer treatment

Garlic for peripheral arterial occlusive disease

Garlic for preventing pre-eclampsia and its complications

Garlic for the common cold

Ginkgo Biloba extract for age-related macular degeneration

Ginkgo biloba for acute ischaemic stroke

Ginkgo biloba for cognitive impairment and dementia

Ginkgo biloba for intermittent claudication

Ginkgo biloba for tinnitus

Green and black tea for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (se afsnit om bivirkninger)

Green tea (Camellia sinensis) for the prevention of cancer

Green tea for weight loss and weight maintenance in overweight or obese adults

Hawthorn extract for treating chronic heart failure

Herbal and dietary therapies for primary and secondary dysmenorrhoea

Herbal interventions for chronic asthma in adults and children

Herbal medicine for low back pain

Herbal medicines for advanced colorectal cancer

Herbal medicines for fatty liver diseases

Herbal medicines for treating HIV infection and AIDS

Herbal medicines for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome

Herbal medicines for viral myocarditis

Herbal preparations for uterine fibroids

Herbal therapy for treating rheumatoid arthritis

Honey and lozenges for children with non-specific cough

Honey as a topical treatment for wounds

Honey for acute cough in children

Horse chestnut seed extract for chronic venous insufficiency

Huperzine A for Alzheimer's disease

Huperzine A for vascular dementia

Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables for the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases

Inositol for depressive disorders

Intermittent iron supplementation for reducing anaemia and its associated impairments in menstruating women

Interventions for erosive lichen planus affecting mucosal sites

Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy

Interventions for pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus

Interventions for prevention of post-operative recurrence of Crohn's disease

Interventions for the symptoms and signs resulting from jellyfish stings (se afsnit om bivirkninger)

Interventions for the symptoms and signs resulting from jellyfish stings (se afsnit om bivirkninger)

Interventions for the treatment of burning mouth syndrome

Interventions for treating collagenous colitis

Interventions for treating constipation in pregnancy

Iron for restless legs syndrome

Isoflavones for hypercholesterolaemia in adults

Kava extract versus placebo for treating anxiety

Lactose avoidance for young children with acute diarrhoea

Laxatives for the treatment of hemorrhoids

Lecithin for dementia and cognitive impairment

Lycopene for the prevention of prostate cancer

Mailuoning for acute ischaemic stroke

Marine oil, and other prostaglandin precursor, supplementation for pregnancy uncomplicated by pre-eclampsia or intrauterine growth restriction

Medicinal herbs for hepatitis C virus infection

Methods of preventing bacterial sepsis and wound complications for liver transplantation

Milk thistle for alcoholic and/or hepatitis B or C virus liver diseases

Mistletoe therapy in oncology

Momordica charantia for type 2 diabetes mellitus

Multiple-micronutrient supplementation for women during pregnancy

Omega 3 fatty acids (fish oil) for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease

Omega 3 fatty acids for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease

Omega-3 fatty acids (from fish oils) for cystic fibrosis

Omega-3 fatty acids for bipolar disorder

Omega-3 fatty acids supplementation for autism spectrum disorders (ASD)

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) for type 2 diabetes mellitus

Oral evening primrose oil and borage oil for eczema

Oral herbal therapies for treating osteoarthritis

Oral traditional Chinese medication for adhesive small bowel obstruction

Osmotic and stimulant laxatives for the management of childhood constipation

Padma 28 for intermittent claudication

Passiflora for anxiety disorder

Pelargonium sidoides extract for acute respiratory tract infections

Pharmacological and nutritional treatment for McArdle's disease (Glycogen Storage Disease type V)

Phlebotonics for venous insufficiency

Phyllanthus species for chronic hepatitis B virus infection

Phyllanthus species versus antiviral drugs for chronic hepatitis B virus infection (se afsnit om bivirkninger)

Phytomedicines (medicines derived from plants) for sickle cell disease

Polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation for schizophrenia

Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents

Potassium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults

Prebiotics in infants for prevention of allergy

Prebiotics in infants for prevention of allergy

Probiotics for induction of remission in Crohn's disease

Probiotics for induction of remission in ulcerative colitis

Probiotics for maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis

Probiotics for patients with hepatic encephalopathy

Probiotics for preventing acute upper respiratory tract infections

Probiotics for preventing gestational diabetes

Probiotics for preventing preterm labour

Probiotics for the prevention of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea in adults and children (se afsnit om bivirkninger)

Probiotics for the prevention of pediatric antibiotic-associated diarrhea

Probiotics for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis

Probiotics for treating eczema

Probiotics for treating persistent diarrhoea in children

Probiotics for treatment of Clostridium difficile-associated colitis in adults

Prophylactic interventions after delivery of placenta for reducing bleeding during the postnatal period

Pygeum africanum for benign prostatic hyperplasia

Rheum officinale (a traditional Chinese medicine) for chronic kidney disease

Roselle for hypertension in adults

Sanchi for acute ischaemic stroke

Serenoa repens for benign prostatic hyperplasia

Shengmai (a traditional Chinese herbal medicine) for heart failure

St John's wort for major depression

Sweet potato for type 2 diabetes mellitus

Tongxinluo (Tong xin luo or Tong-xin-luo) capsule for unstable angina pectoris

Tongxinluo capsule for acute stroke

Topical capsaicin (low concentration) for chronic neuropathic pain in adults

Topical capsaicin for chronic neuropathic pain in adults

Topical herbal therapies for treating osteoarthritis

Topical preparations for preventing stretch marks in pregnancy

Traditional Chinese herbal products for stable angina

Traditional Chinese medicine for epilepsy

Traditional Chinese Medicine herbs for stopping bleeding from haemorrhoids

Treatment for mitochondrial disorders

Tyrosine supplementation for phenylketonuria

Valerian for anxiety disorders

Vitamin A and fish oils for retinitis pigmentosa

Xiongshao for restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with coronary heart disease

Xylitol for preventing acute otitis media in children up to 12 years of age

Last updated: 24-11-2012