Effects of massage, reflexology and manipulation of bones and joints

This page will not be updated after the 23rd of november 2012 due to the closure of ViFAB.

Here you can read about the effects of massage, reflexology and manipulation of bones and joints.

This text is based on Cochrane reviews, which are recognized scientific articles.

What is a Cochrane Review?

Authors: Department of Clinical Epidemiology at Aarhus University Hospital and ViFAB.

Positive effect

A possible positive effect is found in connection with:

Antenatal perineal massage for reducing perineal trauma

Possible positive effect

No effect

None of the Cochrane reviews on massage, reflexology and manipulation of bones and joints can conclude with certainty that the treatments are ineffective.

Massage for low-back pain


Antenatal perineal massage for reducing perineal trauma

Breast stimulation for cervical ripening and induction of labour

Breastfeeding or nipple stimulation for reducing postpartum haemorrhage in the third stage of labour

Chest physiotherapy for pneumonia in adults

Conservative treatments for whiplash

Deep transverse friction massage for treating tendinitis

Interventions (other than pharmacological, psychosocial or psychological) for treating antenatal depression

Interventions for preventing hamstring injuries

Interventions for varicose veins and leg oedema in pregnancy

Manipulation or mobilisation for neck pain

Manual therapy for asthma

Massage and touch for dementia

Massage for low-back pain

Massage for mechanical neck disorders

Massage intervention for promoting mental and physical health in infants aged under six months

Massage therapy for people with HIV/AIDS

Massage with or without aromatherapy for symptom relief in people with cancer

Massage, reflexology and other manual methods for pain management in labour

Non-invasive interventions for improving well-being and quality of life in patients with lung cancer

Non-surgical treatment (other than steroid injection) for carpal tunnel syndrome

Pain management for women in labour: an overview of systematic reviews

Perineal techniques during the second stage of labour for reducing perineal trauma

Physical therapies for reducing and controlling lymphoedema of the limbs

Preventing occupational stress in healthcare workers

Psychological interventions for people with cystic fibrosis and their families

Spinal manipulation for dysmenorrhoea

Thermotherapy for treatment of osteoarthritis

Topical preparations for preventing stretch marks in pregnancy

Uterine massage for preventing postpartum haemorrhage